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Ocean Science An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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https://doi.org/10.5194/os-2020-34
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/os-2020-34
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 06 May 2020

Submitted as: research article | 06 May 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal OS.

Extreme waves and climatic patterns of variability in the Eastern North Atlantic and Mediterranean basins

Verónica Morales-Márquez1, Alejandro Orfila1, Gonzalo Simarro2, and Marta Marcos1 Verónica Morales-Márquez et al.
  • 1IMEDEA (UIB-CSIC), Esporles, Balearic Islands, Spain
  • 2ICM, 08003 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain

Abstract. The spatial and temporal variability of extreme wave climate in the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea is assessed using a 31-year wave model hindcast. Seasonality accounts for 50 % of the extreme wave height variability in North Atlantic Ocean and up to 70 % in some areas of the Mediterranean Sea. Once seasonality is filtered out, the North Atlantic Oscillation and the Scandinavian Index are the dominant large-scale atmospheric patterns that control the interannual variability of extreme waves during winters in the North Atlantic Ocean; and to a lesser extent, the East Atlantic Oscillation also modulates extreme waves in the central part of the basin. In the Mediterranean Sea, the dominant modes are the East Atlantic and East Atlantic/Western Russia modes which act strongly during their negative phases.

Verónica Morales-Márquez et al.

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Verónica Morales-Márquez et al.

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Short summary
Study of long-term changes in extreme waves and in the synoptic patterns related to them, in the European coasts. Being controlled the interannual variability of extreme waves in the North Atlantic Ocean by the atmospheric patterns of North Atlantic Oscillation and Scandinavian indices. And in the Mediterranean Sea, they are governed by the East Atlantic and East Atlantic/Western Russia modes, acting strongly during their negative phases.
Study of long-term changes in extreme waves and in the synoptic patterns related to them, in the...
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