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Ocean Science An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/os-2020-13
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/os-2020-13
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 23 Mar 2020

Submitted as: research article | 23 Mar 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal OS.

Random Noise Attenuation of Sparker Seismic Oceanography Data with Machine Learning

Hyunggu Jun, Hyeong-Tae Jou, Chung-Ho Kim, Sang Hoon Lee, and Han-Joon Kim Hyunggu Jun et al.
  • Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology, Busan, 49111, Republic of Korea

Abstract. Seismic oceanography (SO) acquires water column reflections by seismic exploration compensating for the drawbacks of conventional physical oceanographic equipment. Most SO studies obtain data using air guns, which have relatively low-frequency bands. For higher-frequency bands at a low exploration cost, using a smaller seismic exploration system, such as a sparker source with a shorter receiver length, would be an alternative. However, the sparker source has a relatively low energy and consequently produces data with a low signal-to-noise (S / N) ratio. To solve the problem of the low S / N ratio of sparker SO data, we applied machine learning. The purpose of this study is to attenuate the random noise in the East Sea sparker SO data without distorting the true shape and amplitude of water column reflections. A denoising convolutional neural network (DnCNN) that successfully suppresses random noise in a natural image is adopted as the machine learning network architecture. One of the most important factors of machine learning is the generation of an appropriate training dataset. We have generated two different training datasets using synthetic and field data. Models trained with the different training datasets are applied to the test data, and the denoised results are quantitatively compared. The trained models are applied to the target seismic data, i.e., the East Sea sparker water column seismic reflection data, and the denoised seismic sections are evaluated. The results show that machine learning can successfully attenuate the random noise of sparker water column seismic reflection data.

Hyunggu Jun et al.

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Hyunggu Jun et al.

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Latest update: 28 Mar 2020
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Short summary
Seismic oceanography acquires water column reflections by seismic exploration. The use of high frequency seismic source such as sparker can enhance the resolution of reflection image, but suffers from a low signal-to-noise ratio problem. In this study, we applied a machine learning to remove the random noise in water column seismic section. We constructed an appropriate training data and showed that the machine learning can successfully remove the random noise in water column seismic section.
Seismic oceanography acquires water column reflections by seismic exploration. The use of high...
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