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© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 09 Oct 2019

Submitted as: research article | 09 Oct 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Ocean Science (OS).

Numerical Investigation of Typhoon Waves Generated by Three Typhoons in the China Sea

Qing Shi1, Jun Tang1, Yongming Shen1,2, and Yuxiang Ma1 Qing Shi et al.
  • 1State Key laboratory of Coastal and Offshore Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116023, China
  • 2Institute of Environmental and Ecological Engineering, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China

Abstract. The typhoon waves generated in the China Sea during the Chan-hom (1509), Linfa (1510) and Nangka (1511) typhoons that occurred in 2015 were numerically investigated. The wave model was based on the a third generation spectral wind-wave model SWAN, in which the wind fields for driving waves were derived from the ERA-interim (ECMWF), CFSv2 (The NCEP Climate Forecast System Version 2) and CCMP (Cross-Calibrated Multi-Platform) datasets. The numerical results were validated using buoy data and satellite observation data. The simulation results under the three types of wind fields were in good agreement with the observed data. The CCMP wind data was the best in simulating waves overall, and the wind speeds pertaining to ERA and CCMP were notably smaller than those observed near the typhoon centre. The Holland wind model was used to revise and optimize the wind speed pertaining to the CCMP near the typhoon centre, and the wind speed correction coefficient, correction formula and corresponding parameters were determined. Based on these findings, the CCMP and CCMP/Holland blended wind fields were used to simulate the typhoon waves generated during the Meranti (1614), Rai (1615) and Malakas (1616) typhoons that occurred in September 2016. A comparison between the simulated wave heights and those obtained from the Jason-2 altimeter data indicated that all correlation coefficients between the simulated values and the satellite observations were greater than 0.75. The blended wind field was better overall in simulating the wave heights. The simulated maximum wave heights were more similar to the satellite observations, and the root mean square error of the blended wind field was 0.223 m lower than that of the CCMP. The results demonstrated that the CCMP wind-driven SWAN model could appropriately simulate the typhoon waves generated by three typhoons in China Sea, and the use of the CCMP/Holland blended wind field could effectively improve the accuracy of typhoon wave simulations.

Qing Shi et al.
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Status: final response (author comments only)
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Qing Shi et al.
Qing Shi et al.
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