Journal cover Journal topic
Ocean Science An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
https://doi.org/10.5194/os-2018-15
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Research article
08 Mar 2018
Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. A revision of the manuscript is under review for the journal Ocean Science (OS).
Recent updates on the Copernicus Marine Service global ocean monitoring and forecasting real-time 1/12° high resolution system
Jean-Michel Lellouche1, Eric Greiner2, Olivier Le Galloudec1, Gilles Garric1, Charly Regnier1, Marie Drevillon1, Mounir Benkiran1, Charles-Emmanuel Testut1, Romain Bourdalle-Badie1, Florent Gasparin1, Olga Hernandez1, Bruno Levier1, Yann Drillet1, Elisabeth Remy1, and Pierre-Yves Le Traon1,3 1Mercator Ocean, Ramonville Saint Agne, France
2Collecte Localisation Satellites, Ramonville Saint Agne, France
3IFREMER, 29280, Plouzané, France
Abstract. Since October 19, 2016, and in the framework of Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS), Mercator Ocean delivers in real-time daily services (weekly analyses and daily 10-day forecasts) with a new global 1/12° high resolution (eddy-resolving) monitoring and forecasting system. The model component is the NEMO platform driven at the surface by the IFS ECMWF atmospheric analyses and forecasts. Observations are assimilated by means of a reduced-order Kalman filter with a 3D multivariate modal decomposition of the forecast error. Along track altimeter data, satellite sea surface temperature, sea ice concentration and in situ temperature and salinity vertical profiles are jointly assimilated to estimate the initial conditions for numerical ocean forecasting. A 3D-VAR scheme provides a correction for the slowly-evolving large-scale biases in temperature and salinity.

This paper describes the recent updates applied to the system and discusses the importance of fine tuning of an ocean monitoring and forecasting system. It details more particularly the impact of the initialization, the correction of precipitation, the assimilation of climatological temperature and salinity in the deep ocean, the construction of the forecast error covariance and the adaptive tuning of observations error on increasing the realism of the analysis and forecasts.

The scientific assessment of the ocean estimations are illustrated with diagnostics over some particular years, assorted with time series over the time period 2007–2016. The overall impact of the integration of all updates on the products quality is also discussed, highlighting a gain in performance and reliability of the current global monitoring and forecasting system compared to its previous version.

Citation: Lellouche, J.-M., Greiner, E., Le Galloudec, O., Garric, G., Regnier, C., Drevillon, M., Benkiran, M., Testut, C.-E., Bourdalle-Badie, R., Gasparin, F., Hernandez, O., Levier, B., Drillet, Y., Remy, E., and Le Traon, P.-Y.: Recent updates on the Copernicus Marine Service global ocean monitoring and forecasting real-time 1/12° high resolution system, Ocean Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/os-2018-15, in review, 2018.
Jean-Michel Lellouche et al.
Jean-Michel Lellouche et al.
Jean-Michel Lellouche et al.

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Short summary
In the coming decades, a strong growth of the ocean economy is expected. Scientific advances in operational oceanography will play a crucial role in addressing many of the environmental challenges and in the development of ocean-related economic activities. In this context, remarkable improvements have been achieved with the current Mercator ocean system. 3D water masses, sea level, sea ice and currents have been improved and thus, major oceanic variables are hard to distinguish from the data.
In the coming decades, a strong growth of the ocean economy is expected. Scientific advances in...
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