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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/osd-8-1601-2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/osd-8-1601-2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 07 Jul 2011

Submitted as: research article | 07 Jul 2011

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This discussion paper is a preprint. A revision of the manuscript for further review has not been submitted.

Estimating suspended sediment concentrations using a broadband ADCP in Mahshahr tidal channel

P. Ghaffari1,2, J. Azizpour2, M. Noranian2, V. Chegini3, V. Tavakoli4, and M. Shah-Hosseini5 P. Ghaffari et al.
  • 1Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo, Blindern, 0315, Oslo, Norway
  • 2Department of Physical Oceanography, Iranian National Institute for Oceanography, Iran
  • 3Department of Marine Engineering, Iranian National Institute for Oceanography, Iran
  • 4Department of Geology, School of Science, University of Tehran, Iran
  • 5Centre European de Recherche et d Enseignement en Geosciences de I Environment CNRS, France

Abstract. Data sets of Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) backscatter intensities (ABS) were used to evaluate suspended sediment concentrations (SSC) in the Mahshahr Channel (MC) of the Persian Gulf. Since the echo intensity is closely related to turbidity in water, the ADCP may be a promising tool to monitor the sediment transport. The low susceptibility of the acoustic backscatter to bio-fouling and the ADCP provision of current profiles as well as sediment time series makes this monitoring method more advantageous compared with the traditional methods. Time series of ADCP backscatter intensity profiles were used for improving temporal resolution of SSC estimates. Backscatter and traditional observational data were separated into two segments. The first part was utilized for calibrating the backscatter data and attributing the intensity to suspended particle concentrations and using the second part acoustic intensities were validated. Acoustic based SSC estimates are slightly underestimated in comparison with traditional water sample based SSC values, but still there is good agreement between acoustic SSC and traditional observations. Results illustrate a rather high correlation between lab based and acoustic based particles in suspension (R2 = 88 %). Additionally measurements reveal the domination of a semidiurnal ebb asymmetric system in the MC. Tidal currents provide the main energy source for particle resuspension and transport. Maximum suspended load concentrations are evident in ebb tides, while the currents strengths are enough to refloat loads from the bed. In general spring tides show higher SSC values compared with neap tides in the study area.

P. Ghaffari et al.
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Interactive discussion
Status: closed (peer review stopped)
Status: closed (peer review stopped)
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement
P. Ghaffari et al.
P. Ghaffari et al.
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