The Coastal Observing System for Northern and Arctic Seas (COSYNA)
B. Baschek1, F. Schroeder1, H. Brix1, R. Riethmüller1, T. H. Badewien2, G. Breitbach1, B. Brügge3, F. Colijn1, R. Doerffer1, C. Eschenbach1, J. Friedrich1, P. Fischer4, S. Garthe5, J. Horstmann1, H. Krasemann1, K. Metfies4, N. Ohle6, W. Petersen1, D. Pröfrock1, R. Röttgers1, M. Schlüter4, J. Schulz2, J. Schulz-Stellenfleth1, E. Stanev1, C. Winter7, K. Wirtz1, J. Wollschläger1, O. Zielinski2, and F. Ziemer11Institute of Coastal Research, Helmholtz -Zentrum Geesthacht, Germany 2Institute for Chemistry and Biology of the Marine Environment, University of Oldenburg, Germany 3Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency, Germany 4Alfred Wegener Institute, Center for Polar and Marine Research, Germany 5Research and Technology Centre (FTZ) , University of Kiel, Germany 6Hamburg Port Authority, Germany 7MARUM, Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, Bremen University, Germany
Received: 15 May 2016 – Accepted for review: 19 May 2016 – Discussion started: 30 May 2016
Abstract. The Coastal Observing System for Northern and Arctic Seas (COSYNA) was established in order to better understand the complex interdisciplinary processes of northern seas and the arctic coasts in a changing environment. Particular focus is given to the German Bight in the North Sea as a prime example for a heavily used coastal area, and Svalbard as an example of an arctic coast that is under strong pressure due to global change. The automated observing and modelling system COSYNA is designed to monitor real time conditions, provide short-term forecasts and data products, and to assess the impact of anthropogenically induced change. Observations are carried out combining satellite and radar remote sensing with various in situ platforms. Novel sensors, instruments, and algorithms are developed to further improve the understanding of the interdisciplinary interactions between physics, biogeochemistry, and the ecology of coastal seas. New modelling and data assimilation techniques are used to integrate observations and models in a quasi-operational system providing descriptions and forecasts of key hydrographic variables. Data and data products are publically available free of charge and in real time. They are used by multiple interest groups in science, agencies, politics, industry, and the public.
Baschek, B., Schroeder, F., Brix, H., Riethmüller, R., Badewien, T. H., Breitbach, G., Brügge, B., Colijn, F., Doerffer, R., Eschenbach, C., Friedrich, J., Fischer, P., Garthe, S., Horstmann, J., Krasemann, H., Metfies, K., Ohle, N., Petersen, W., Pröfrock, D., Röttgers, R., Schlüter, M., Schulz, J., Schulz-Stellenfleth, J., Stanev, E., Winter, C., Wirtz, K., Wollschläger, J., Zielinski, O., and Ziemer, F.: The Coastal Observing System for Northern and Arctic Seas (COSYNA), Ocean Sci. Discuss., doi:10.5194/os-2016-31, in review, 2016.