The relationship between Arabian Sea upwelling and Indian monsoon revisited
X. Yi, B. Hünicke, N. Tim, and E. Zorita
Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Institute of Coastal Research, Max-Planck-Str.1, 21502 Geesthacht, Germany
Received: 10 Sep 2015 – Accepted for review: 20 Oct 2015 – Discussion started: 06 Nov 2015
Abstract. Studies based on upwelling indices (sediment records, sea-surface temperature and wind) suggest that upwelling along the western coast of Arabian Sea is strongly affected by the Indian summer monsoon (ISM). In order to examine this relationship directly, we employ the vertical water mass transport produced by the eddy-resolving global ocean simulation STORM driven by meteorological reanalysis over the last 61 years. With its very high spatial resolution (10 km), STORM allows us to identify characteristics of the upwelling system. We analyze the co-variability between upwelling and meteorological and oceanic variables from 1950 to 2010. The analyses reveal high interannual correlations between coastal upwelling and along-shore wind-stress (r=0.73) as well as with sea-surface temperature (r0.83). However, the correlation between the upwelling and the ISM is small and other factors might contribute to the upwelling variability. In addition, no long-term trend is detected in our modeled upwelling time series.
Yi, X., Hünicke, B., Tim, N., and Zorita, E.: The relationship between Arabian Sea upwelling and Indian monsoon revisited, Ocean Sci. Discuss., 12, 2683-2704, doi:10.5194/osd-12-2683-2015, 2015.