An estimate of the Sunda Shelf and the Strait of Malacca transports: a numerical study
F. Daryabor1,2, A. A. Samah1,2, S. H. Ooi1, and S. N. Chenoli11National Antarctic Research Center, Institute of Postgraduate Studies, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 2Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences, Institute of Postgraduate Studies, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Received: 18 Dec 2014 – Accepted for review: 03 Feb 2015 – Discussion started: 17 Feb 2015
Abstract. Using the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS), this study aims to provide an estimate of the volume, freshwater, heat, and salt transports through the Sunda Shelf and the Strait of Malacca in the southern region of the South China Sea (SSCS). The modeling system is configured with two one-way nested domains representing parent and child with resolutions of 1/2 and 1/12°, respectively. The simulated currents, sea surface salinity, temperature and various transports (e.g., volume, heat, etc) agree well with the observed values as well as those estimated from the Simple Ocean Data Assimilation (SODA) re-analysis product. The ROMS estimated seasonal and mean annual transports are in accord with those calculated from SODA and those of limited observations. The ROMS estimates of mean annual volume, freshwater, heat and salt transports through the Sunda Shelf into the Java Sea are 0.32Sv (1 Sv = 106 m3 s−1), 0.023 Sv, 0.032 PW (1 PW = 1015 j s−1), and 0.010 × 109 kg s−1 respectively. The corresponding ROMS estimates for mean annual transports through the Strait of Malacca into Andaman Sea are 0.14, 0.009 Sv, 0.014 PW, and 0.0043 × 109 kg s−1 respectively. The relative percentages of mean annual transports computed individually from those of volume, heat, salinity, and freshwater between the Strait of Malacca and the Sunda Shelf range from 39 to 43.8%. This reflects that the Strait of Malacca plays an equally significant role in the annual transports from the SSCS into the Andaman Sea.
Daryabor, F., Samah, A. A., Ooi, S. H., and Chenoli, S. N.: An estimate of the Sunda Shelf and the Strait of Malacca transports: a numerical study, Ocean Sci. Discuss., 12, 275-313, doi:10.5194/osd-12-275-2015, 2015.