Journal cover Journal topic
Ocean Science An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union

Journal metrics

  • IF value: 2.985 IF 2.985
  • IF 5-year<br/> value: 2.790 IF 5-year
    2.790
  • CiteScore<br/> value: 2.70 CiteScore
    2.70
  • SNIP value: 1.191 SNIP 1.191
  • SJR value: 1.885 SJR 1.885
  • IPP value: 2.589 IPP 2.589
  • h5-index value: 25 h5-index 25
doi:10.5194/osd-12-103-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
27 Jan 2015
Review status
This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Ocean Science (OS). The revised manuscript was not accepted.
Atmosphere–ocean interactions in the Greenland Sea during solar cycles 23–24, 2002–2011
P. E. Binns Broomlee Mains, West Linton, Edinburgh EH46 7BT, UK
Abstract. Relationships between solar activity and climate in the North Atlantic region have long been reported and, more recently, mechanisms have been proposed to explain these. Normally such relationships are tested over decadal time scales. Here, daily sea surface temperature fields bridging the period of exceptionally low solar activity between solar cycles 23 and 24 have been analysed. The day-to-day variability of the fields has been measured and the fields have been classified, using cluster analysis. The main water masses are clearly expressed, together with detail of their interactions. Three features relate to the level of solar activity. First, there is a statistically significant difference in the day-to-day variability of the sea surface temperature field between the period of lowest solar activity and the remaining periods. Second, during the transition from summer to winter, there are systematic, inter-annual changes in the day-to-day variability of the sea surface temperature field. Third, the forms of the late summer temperature fields exhibit symmetry about the years of lowest solar activity. These features are attributable to variability in the passage of weather systems. The influence on North Atlantic surface climate of variations in the solar ultraviolet band acting through the stratosphere has been reported in a number of studies. This provides a credible mechanism for solar activity influencing sea surface temperatures in the Greenland Sea.

Citation: Binns, P. E.: Atmosphere–ocean interactions in the Greenland Sea during solar cycles 23–24, 2002–2011, Ocean Sci. Discuss., 12, 103-134, doi:10.5194/osd-12-103-2015, 2015.
P. E. Binns
Interactive discussionStatus: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version      Supplement - Supplement
 
RC C60: '“Atmosphere–ocean interactions in the Greenland Sea during solar cycles 23–24, 2002–2011” by P. E. Binns', John Shepherd, 26 Mar 2015 Printer-friendly Version 
AC C82: 'Response to comment', Paul Binns, 02 Apr 2015 Printer-friendly Version Supplement 
 
RC C144: 'Reviewer comments', Anonymous Referee #3, 05 May 2015 Printer-friendly Version 
P. E. Binns

Viewed

Total article views: 1,105 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)

HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
286 629 190 1,105 27 37

Views and downloads (calculated since 27 Jan 2015)

Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 27 Jan 2015)

Saved

Discussed

Latest update: 29 Apr 2017
Publications Copernicus
Download
Short summary
The recent period of exceptionally low solar activity has allowed a new approach to relating solar activity and climate. Analysis of daily sea surface temperature fields in the Greenland Sea from 2002-2011 shows that the day-to-day variability of the field during the solar low is significantly different, due to variability in the passage of weather systems. The influence of variations in the solar ultraviolet band acting in the stratosphere provides a credible mechanism for this difference.
The recent period of exceptionally low solar activity has allowed a new approach to relating...
Share